U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Land-Based Wind Energy Guidelines

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

March 23, 2012

Modeling the Distribution of Migratory Bird Stopovers to
Inform Landscape-Scale Siting of Wind Development

Amy Pocewicz1, Wendy A. Estes-Zumpf2, Mark D. Andersen2, Holly E. Copeland1, Douglas A. Keinath2, Hannah R. Griscom2

1 The Nature Conservancy, Wyoming Chapter, Lander, Wyoming
2 Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, University of Wyoming,

2013 | PLOS ONE 8(10), 1-18.

Pronghorn Winter Resource Selection Before and After Wind Energy Development in South-Central Wyoming

Kurt T. Smitha, Kaitlyn L. Taylora, Shannon E. Albekeb, Jeffrey L. Becka

a Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Wyoming
b Wyoming Geographic Information Science Center, University of Wyoming

2020 | Rangeland Ecology & Management 73(2020), 227-233.

Eagle Conservation Plan Guidance
Module 1 – Land-based Wind Energy (Version 2)

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Division of Migratory Bird Management

April 2013

for the Global Renewable Energy Buildout

Bruce McKenney and Jessica Wilkinson

The Nature Conservancy

May 2020

Mapping Migration
Important places for Wyoming’s migratory birds

Pocewicz A, Estes-Zumpf WA, Andersen MD,
Copeland HE, Keinath DA, Griscom HR

The Nature Conservancy


Enabling Renewable Energy While Protecting Wildlife: An Ecological Risk-Based Approach to Wind Energy Development Using Ecosystem-Based Management Values

Andrea E. Copping1, Alicia M. Gorton2, Roel May3, Finlay Bennet4, Elise DeGeorge5, Miguel Repas Goncalves6 and Bob Rumes7

1 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Seattle, WA
2 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA
3 Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Trondheim, Norway
4 Marine Scotland, Edinburgh, UK
5 National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Boulder, CO
6 STRIX, Matosinhos, Portugal
7 Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels, Belgium

2020 | Sustainability 2020(12), 1-18

Paint it black: Efficacy of increased wind turbine rotor blade visibility to reduce avian fatalities

Roel May1, Torgeir Nygård1, Ulla Falkdalen2, Jens Åström1, Øyvind Hamre1, Bård G. Stokke1

1Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Norway
2Lake Ånnsjön Bird Observatory, Duved, Sweden

2020 | Ecology and Evolution 10, 8927–8935